Submersible sewage pump in the field of ore applications more and more popular, in order to apply different environmental requirements, production processes, product performance, also need to have a new upgrade. The future, mine submersible sewage pump will move in what direction?
1. Technological innovation will lead the new technology, new materials continue to mine submersible sewage pump production in the use. For example, the traditional casting process to more advanced stainless steel stamping welding process development. Stainless steel stamping welding multi-stage pump core components using stainless steel sheet, with die stamping, with high reliability, good sealing, high precision, its hydraulic performance and pump efficiency is generally better than the casting process production of submersible sewage pump , Stainless steel stamping welding process is mine submersible sewage pump future development trend.
2. Design to more efficient, energy saving, environmental protection direction. For example, oil-filled motors are designed to develop environmentally friendly water-filled motors. Oil-filled submersible motor cavity filled with medium for the mechanical oil, and water-filled submersible motor cavity filled with water, one of its advantages is zero pollution of water, more environmentally friendly. In addition, with the frequency conversion technology in the application of motor design gradually popular, the future mine submersible sewage pump will be more efficient, energy saving.
3. Integral design to the development of removable modular design, that is, motor and pump parts and other modular combination to facilitate the disassembly and replacement of damaged parts, to extend the life of the pump, reducing the use of cost purposes.
Mine submersible sewage pump in foreign countries also has a broad market, but also need to ZTE water production enterprises to actively improve product performance, enhance the application effect, for the depth of overseas markets to fully prepared.
Submersible sewage pump, the pump uses a half-open new impeller, the pump efficiency can be increased by 30%. Beautiful appearance, small size, light weight, large flow, over-current part of the suction structure, strong sewage capacity, not because of small solid Particles or fibrous inhalation, and will not be damaged prematurely by the inhalation of abrasive media. The overall structure of the pump is simple, easy loading and unloading and maintenance. It is absolutely safe and reliable in the working surface containing gas and coal dust, and the silencers with independent intellectual property rights in the exhaust port have greatly improved the conditions of underground construction condition.
Structural features: Pneumatic motor part: by the rotor, leaves, cylinder, shell, upper and lower cylinder head, roof and other components. The rotor has four uniform distribution of the radial groove, slot with the blade, the upper and lower cylinder head each have a blown eye, the air pump starts, the high pressure gas from the inflatable eye to open the leaves of the leaves, while a large number of High pressure gas from the main duct into the cylinder, pushing the blade, driving the rotor rotation work. In the bottom of the shell with a sealed cavity, cavity with a gas ring, the water separated, the use of gas and water pressure, so that the ring rose, enhance the sealing effect.
Start deep well submersible pump, should be smooth rotation, no vibration and abnormal sound, observe the motor running current and line voltage before and after the start of any significant fluctuations. Pay attention to the first installation or maintenance after the operation of the submersible pump, test machine can only start on the ground in order to observe, if found submersible pump abnormalities, should immediately stop, check the direction of rotation is correct, the installation is appropriate, find the reasons after troubleshooting run. Lifting should pay attention to protect the cable to prevent damage, the lifting device (such as tripod, hoist or electric hoist, etc.) should be greater than the weight of the submersible pump, and leave enough room. Before the hanging of the artificial rotation of the impeller to check whether the rotation is flexible, the main contactor contact contact is good, cable and cable joints with or without rupture, abrasion marks, motor shell grounding is reliable, and check the three-phase circuit with a multimeter line conduction.
The flow of liquid is maintained by the energy gradient. When the flow is reduced to near zero, the impeller may increase the peripheral velocity around the inlet due to the action of the inertial force of the liquid, so that the energy near the wall increases, which keeps the liquid flowing The energy slope necessary for the flow of the line no longer exists, so that the flow near the impeller inlet is reversed. The centrifugal pump head is constant for a given impeller diameter and flow, whereas the moving head is a function of the flow. At some point on the head flow curve, once the lift head exceeds the centrifugal head, then the pressure gradient at these points , Resulting in the opposite direction of flow, that is, the phenomenon of reflow.
General centrifugal pump to set the return line, one can act as the minimum return line, when the user flow is less than the rated flow of 30% of the pump, the role of the protection of the pump; Second, the tank of material flow, Some places have dead zones, material aggregation, precipitation, deterioration and so on.
If there is no safety valve, blindly raise the temperature of the magnet wire, such as 180 ℃, 200 ℃, or even 240 ℃, the probability of explosion will be higher. This is because the winding temperature is getting higher and higher, it will produce saturated steam to provide higher temperature, more heat, will lead to higher and higher vapor pressure, but increased the risk of explosion.
If there is no safety valve, must not simply use the method to improve the temperature of the wire temperature.
In the field, once the concentration of sand is too high, the winding will heat over limit, the electromagnetic wire will quickly aging. After the sediment row, due to “overload injury”, the motor thermal load capacity will be greatly reduced, often in the back row of water, the winding short-circuit breakdown, causing the motor explosion. It is this explosion in the water illusion, confused people, for many years, can not find the reasons for the explosion of submersible pumps.
If you want to ensure the high efficiency of multi-stage centrifugal pump, then the factors which affect the multi-stage centrifugal pump will be destroyed or controlled within a certain range. We want to know the efficiency of multi-stage centrifugal pump is the volume, hydraulic and mechanical efficiency of the three multiplication of the results. Here we have to talk about the cause of multi-stage centrifugal pump to reduce the effectiveness of what causes.
1. The effect of the pump itself will cause a great impact, the same conditions under their efficiency difference of up to 15%.
2. If the multi-stage centrifugal pump his operating conditions lower than expected, then the pump performance will decline, the energy consumption increased.
3. motor his efficiency is generally not change, so we must be careful when choosing the motor.
4. To pay attention to the efficiency of his machinery will have an impact on the quality, so when we choose a good pump, after the management of the impact is very small.
5. Hydraulic friction and resistance are collectively referred to as hydraulic losses. If the pump after a period of operation, it will inevitably make the impeller wear, this time the loss of water will increase.
6. Because the filter cylinder will appear toxins, intake and other issues, these problems will affect the multi-stage centrifugal pump his evacuation and operation.
7. Before we open the pump operation, pay attention to the appropriate preparation work, if it is not in place so there will be pump cavitation problems, but also make the pump increase the amount of noise, pump efficiency will decline.
Stainless steel centrifugal pump in the operation of the sudden leakage is mostly due to changes in operating conditions or operation, improper maintenance caused.
1) Take the time, cavitation or a long time to suppress pressure, leading to seal damage;
2) The actual output of the pump is too small, a large number of media pump cycle, the accumulation of heat caused by media gasification, resulting in sealing failure;
3) For a long time outage, restart the manual when there is no manual car, friction due to adhesion and tear off the sealing surface;
4) Medium corrosive, polymerizability, gelatinous material increased;
5) Sudden changes in ambient temperature.
So Nanjing lanshen Pump Corp.LTD., to remind you, pay attention to the daily protection of the pump, do not have to start a long time to do the appropriate treatment, pay attention to the pump operating conditions
Submersible pump leakage, if not very serious, generally do not need to deal with, if the submersible pump leakage, but it is necessary to take timely measures. So not only pumping the water is not efficient, and will waste a lot of resources in vain, like the pump with oil ah and so on. This time we can use the exclusion method to find out the reasons, the general reason is that the use of submersible pumps is too long, serious wear, submersible pump seal set bad, or the aging of the sealing device caused. In addition to replacing some of the components of the submersible pump, we can also take simple measures, such as its sealing device is not very good, resulting in this result is a great reason for the loss of elasticity of the seal, this time you can tape a few laps.
1. Installation or maintenance of multi-stage pump shaft and motor shaft size tolerance, causing vibration caused by bearing overheating.
2. The bearing is damaged and the bearing wears to cause the bearing to overheat.
3. Filling Agents, scratching the sleeve to produce overheating affect the bearing.
4. Bearing grease lubricant does not match. Too much will make the bearing overheating.
5. Bearing transparent oil lubricant added too little or leakage, the bearings have to overheat.
6. Lubricant oil tank deterioration or water, but also make the bearing overheating.
7. Bearing cooling water is not enough or interrupted, so that the bearing overheating.
Vertical sewage pump compared with the centrifugal pump, its impeller leaves less flow channel, more convenient to transport with fiber or other suspended impurities in the sewage. So what are the advantages of it? The following is about the advantages of its introduction.
The advantages of vertical sewage pump
1. Compact structure, small footprint. Vertical sewage pump submerged into the liquid, it can be installed directly in the sewage pool, without the need to build a dedicated pump room to install pumps and machines, you can save a lot of land and infrastructure costs.
2. Easy installation and maintenance. Small vertical sewage pump can be free to install, large vertical sewage pump are generally equipped with automatic coupling device can be automatically installed, easy installation and maintenance.
3. Continuous running for a long time. Vertical sewage pump due to the pump and motor coaxial, shaft short, rotating parts of light weight, so the bearing to bear the load (radial) is relatively small, life is much longer than the average pump.
4. There is no problem such as cavitation damage and irrigation. Especially after the operation of the staff to bring a lot of convenience.
5. Vibration noise is small, the motor temperature is low, no pollution to the environment.