Submersible pumps are a kind of equipment that many industries will use. The general warranty period is one year, but its use environment is relatively bad. In order to reduce the expenses, we must ensure the stability of the submersible pump in order to achieve long-term use purpose. In order to improve the life of the submersible pump, we must ensure that the use of the process, the operation of norms, on this basis to maintain regular maintenance work, will be able to greatly improve the service life of submersible pumps.
In the installation of the time, do not use the cable pump cable overhead, the power cord should not be too long, so as to avoid unnecessary damage. When you send it to the water, do not let the cable too much force, so as to avoid the power line of the fracture. In the process of submersible pumps, do not sink it into the cement, which will affect the cooling effect, which burned the motor winding, in the installation of the time to pay special attention to the motor insulation resistance can not be less than 0.5 megohms, So as to protect the motor very well.
In order to avoid the phenomenon of leakage, the motor will be installed as a thing called the life insurance device, because of its special work, more likely to cause leakage of the situation. In the case of the installation of this component, beyond the rated voltage, it will automatically cut off the power to ensure the safety of operators, but also to avoid accidents.
At present, in the submersible pump fluid pipeline system, the control valve is the corresponding control components, the main role is to use isolation equipment and piping systems, adjust the flow, to prevent the return with the regulation of discharge pressure.
It is important to choose the most suitable control valve for the piping system of the submersible pump, and it is important to understand the performance of the submersible pump and to select the steps and basics of using the submersible pump. Under normal circumstances, there are two characteristics of submersible pump control valve, the use of features and structural characteristics. The use of the characteristics is to determine the main performance of the submersible pump and the use of the scope of the use of submersible pumps are the characteristics of the type of submersible pumps, submersible pump product type, submersible pump main parts of the material and submersible pump transmission The Submarine pump structural characteristics is to determine the structure of the submersible pump length and the overall height of the connection with the pipeline, the form of sealing surface and stem structure and so on.
Because the submersible pump cable fixed way is not correct, the water flow caused cable and boom long-term friction when submersible pump running, resulting in damage.submersible pump running in the motor coil will heat, the motor internal temperature is high, submersible pump After stopping the operation, the internal temperature of the motor chamber will drop, the motor outside the water will be broken from the cable along the cable was sucked into the motor inside, because the number of submersible pumps and the time is not the same, so the degree of water leakage inside the submersible motor Different. But also because the drainage station is running a small number of times each year, and each time the operation is also short, and the submersible pump is insulated, the electric coil is not short-circuit burned, but the motor internal water, the motor is running unbalanced, causing the motor running current higher, seal damage, oil leakage.
As the cable damage caused submersible pumps in the motor leakage is a more common accident, we should be targeted to take preventive measures.
Now submersible pump has been widely applied to various industries, but for the newly purchased submersible pump, it is a little puzzled to add water before using. When we open the submersible pump, in the product manual on the use of water before the request, many people think that the submersible pump working environment is in the water, before the use of water operation, is simply superfluous. As a professional production of submersible pump manufacturers, here to tell you, since manufacturers have to explain the water in the submersible pump can be operated, then we can do as long as we do, do not ignore this step, otherwise it will cause diving Damage to the pump.
Submersible pumps are placed in the water, the process of running will produce relatively large heat. 2900 revolutions per minute of the motor, the heat generated by the operation is very large, and the heat pump is distributed in the motor inside the internal, in order to alleviate this heat, which requires the motor in the external cavity filled with water, and then reach Use water to cool the motor for the purpose of preventing the motor from occurring during the operation of the machine. The water we add here is not to add water to the inside, but to the inner part of the motor, which is part of the maintenance of the submersible pump.
Submersible pump consists of: water pump, submersible motor (including cable), water pipes and control switch composed of four parts. Submersible pump for the single-suction multi-stage vertical centrifugal pump; submersible motor for the closed water-filled wet, vertical three-phase squirrel cage asynchronous motor, motor and pump through the claw or single-button coupling directly; equipped with different specifications Three-core cable; starting equipment for different capacity levels of air switch and auto-decompression pneumatic, water pipe for the different diameter of the steel pipe made of flange connection, high-lift pump with gate control.
The upper part of the submersible motor shaft is equipped with a labyrinth sand control and two return-mounted skeletal seals to prevent flow sand from entering the motor. The submersible motor adopts water lubricated bearing, the lower part is equipped with rubber regulating film, regulating spring, regulating the pressure chamber, adjusting the pressure change caused by the temperature; the motor winding adopts polyethylene insulation, the nylon sleeve sets of water resistant magnetic wire, Cable connector technology, the connector insulation off scraping paint layer, were connected, welding firmly, with raw rubber around a layer. And then wrapped with waterproof adhesive tape 2-3 layer, the outer layer of 2-3 layers of waterproof tape or glue adhesive layer of rubber (bike tires) to prevent seepage.
Submersible pump Each stage of the baffle is fitted with a rubber bearing; the impeller is fixed on the pump shaft with a vertebral sleeve; the baffle is threaded or bolted. The high-lift submersible pump is equipped with a check valve to avoid downtime. Motor sealed, the use of precision stop bolts, cable outlet plus pads for sealing. There is a water injection hole on the top of the motor, there is a vent hole, the lower part of a water hole. The lower part of the motor is equipped with upper and lower thrust bearings, thrust bearings on the groove for cooling, and its grinding of stainless steel thrust plate, to withstand the upper and lower axial force pump.
Miniature submersible pump is small and light, it plays an important role in the rural production. So what should be paid attention when use it?
1. When installing a small submersible pump, the cable should be overhead, where the power cord should not be too long. Do not allow the cable to force the unit to avoid causing the power cord to break, submersible pumps do not sink into the mud, otherwise it will cause poor heat to burn the motor windings.
2. Try to avoid starting submersible pump in the low voltage, the power supply voltage and the rated voltage can not be a difference of 10%, the voltage is too high will cause the motor overheating and burn the winding, the voltage is too low, the motor speed, such as less than 70% of rated speed, Start the centrifugal switch will be closed, resulting in a long time to start the winding power and heat even burn the windings and capacitors. Do not frequently switch the motor, this is because the pump will stop when the return flow, if the boot immediately, will start the motor load, resulting in starting the current is too large and burn the winding.
3. Do not make the pump overload operate for a long time, do not smoke water with large amount of sand, the pump dehydration operation time should not be too long, so as not to overheat the motor and burned. In the operation, the operator must observe whether the operating voltage and current are within the values specified on the nameplate at any time. If the motor is not in compliance, the motor should be stopped to find out the cause and eliminate the fault.
Sewage pump is a common device for us, have brought some impact to our lives, sewage pump manufacturers in order to let everyone maintain it better, it is necessary to understand its exhaust treatment measures.
1.It is necessary to have a pre-pump when use sewage pump, use the pre-pump to make the system pressure be a certain range, then start the sewage pump. So you can avoid the sewage pump overload, the former pump can choose water ring vacuum pump, Rotary vane vacuum pump, slide valve vacuum pump, reciprocating vacuum pump can be the atmosphere of the vacuum pump.
2.For higher occasions, the sewage pump can not be straight into the atmosphere. The front of the atmosphere will constitute the sewage pump suction port and exhaust pressure difference is too large, so that the sewage pump overload. To ensure that sewage pump can reach a higher vacuum, it is necessary to be sure that the sewage pump has open space between the rotor.
3.Due to the continuous rotation of the rotor, the suction gas from the inlet into the rotor and the pump shell between the space, and then discharged through the exhaust. As the inspiratory space is fully closed, so the gas in the pump chamber is not tightening and swelling. However, when the top of the rotor turns through the edge of the exhaust port, when the v0 space communicates with the exhaust side, a part of the gas flows back to the space v0 to increase the gas pressure. When the rotor continues to change, the gas is drained outside the pump.
Nanjing lanshen Pump Corp.LTD. warm reminder: when sewage pump in use, it must be normal exhaust, otherwise the gas exists in the pump will affect the entire machine, serious will lead to the whole machine paralyzed.
1.Check whether the pump and pulley have wear and damage, if necessary, should be replaced. Check whether the pump shaft is bend and whether the journal wear and shaft thread is damaged. Check whether the blade on the impeller is broken and whether shaft hole wear is serious. Check the degree of wear of the water seal and the bakelite washer, such as exceeding the use limit. Check the bearing wear, the table can be used to measure the bearing clearance, such as more than 0.10mm should replace the new bearings.
2.When the submersible pump removed, broke down it in order. After the decomposition of parts should be cleaned, and then check one by one to see if there are cracks, damage and wear defects, such as serious defects should be replaced.
3.Water seal and seat repair: water seal, such as wear from the slot, can be used abrasive wear, such as wear and tear should be replaced; water seal seat if rough scratches, can be used flat reamer or repair in the lathe. Replacement of new water seal assembly during overhaul.
4.When the pump with the following damage, it allowed to repair: the length of 30mm or less, does not extend to the bearing hole hole cracks; and the cylinder head to connect the flange has broken parts; oil seal hole damage. Water pump shaft bending should not exceed 0.05mm should be replaced. Impeller blade damage should be replaced. Water pump shaft wear should be seriously replaced or set of repair.
5.Check whether the pump bearings are flexible or has abnormal sound rotation, if the bearing has a problem, it should be replaced.
6.When the pump is assembled, turn with hand, the pump shaft should be without stuck, impeller and pump shell should be without rubbing. And then check the pump displacement, if any problems, should check the reasons and exclude. If the pump fails, the coolant will not reach the corresponding place, its performance will not be effective play, and ultimately affect the work of the engine. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the inspection of the pump.
The concentricity of the pump is the coaxial degree of taking motor shaft as the active shaft and the pump shaft.
When the pump and the motor shaft concentricity deviation is too large, the pump will be harmful. Long-term operation of the pump and the motor shaft is not the heart of its bearing (or bearing) will be serious wear and tear caused by equipment damage; pump and motor shaft heart will also make the pump running noise and vibration, shorten the pump life, and affect the pump efficiency.
Therefore, the concentricity of the pump should be carefully installed during the test adjustment.
The rotor of the sewage pump is rotated by the periodic transformation of a plurality of fixed volume transport units in the working chamber so as to change the volume of the sewage pump so as to constitute a higher vacuum and discharge pressure.
The two rotors of the sewage pump are operated synchronously by a pair of high precision gears. The drive shaft is connected to the motor via a coupling. The motor and gear are placed on the same side of the rotor. The driven rotor is directly driven by the motor side gear so that the torsional deformation of the active rotor shaft is small and the gap between the two rotors is not changed by the large torsional deformation of the drive shaft so that the gap between the rotors is running The process is uniform.
With the continuous development of the times, the word “sewage pump” is more and more popular and the application is gradually being promoted. The flow line structure of the rotor rotation and without the dead space and non-metal parts in the rotor chamber avoid the pollution to the transported material.