Users’ water consumption is generally dynamic, so water shortage or excess water situation occurs. And the imbalance between water and water is reflected in the water supply pressure, that is, water and water supply less, the pressure is low; water and water supply more, the pressure is large. Maintain the constant water supply pressure, so that water and water can be maintained between the balance, that is, water supply for many times, less water when the water is less, thus improving the quality of water supply.
Constant pressure water supply system is very important for users. In the production of domestic water supply, if the water supply for some reason or lack of water, may affect the quality of life, serious will affect the safety of survival, such as the occurrence of fire, if the water supply is insufficient or water supply, can not fire, Causing significant economic losses and casualties. Therefore, the water area is used constant pressure water supply system, can produce greater economic and social benefits.
With the development of power technology, frequency control technology is improving, with frequency control as the core of the intelligent water supply control system to replace the previous high water tank and pressure tank and other water supply equipment, starting smooth, starting current can be limited to within the rated current, Thus avoiding the impact of the start of the power grid; the average speed of the centrifugal pump is reduced, which can extend the life of pumps and valves and other things; can eliminate the start and stop when the water hammer effect. Its stable and safe operation performance, simple and convenient mode of operation, and complete and thoughtful function, will make water supply to achieve water, energy saving, saving manpower, and ultimately achieve efficient operation purposes.
Some users may not know the working principle of sewage pump, in fact, it is just a pump and motor connected with the work of the equipment, when used in the same time can be submerged work, compared with the general pump, there will be Greater work performance, and the footprint is relatively small, very easy to use when the large, large sewage pump can be automatically installed, the operation method is very simple in the installation of sewage pump, it can play a greater work Characteristics, of course, the quality of self-test sewage pump is also very important factor, you must know how to do the detection work, for the sewage pump operation methods, selection problems and other aspects of a certain understanding, which will make you better use the sewage pump, but also to check the direction of movement of the rotor, from top to bottom to see if the clockwise direction to run, to meet the normal use of performance, in order to confirm the quality of the sewage pump, Phase operation, if the fuse is found to break the phenomenon, be sure to check the reasons, and then put into use, through this method, there will be a greater use of results.
The deep well infusion techniques of deep well submersible pumps are extremely harmful to human health and the environment, and may minimize the risk of harm, as compared with other disposal technologies such as surface landfill, storage tank or incineration. Because it has the following advantages: Perfusion liquid stored in the deep geological layer, to avoid pollutants into the biosphere circulatory system; can reduce the atmospheric, water and shallow stratospheric environmental pressure; can replace the surface environmental capacity; when the environmental capacity is highly scarce And high processing costs, can reduce the cost of pollutant treatment; expand the scope of pollutant control technology selection. In all cases envisioned by the risk analysis, the risk of deep well infiltration is between one and one millionth of a million, and the safety factor is much higher than other waste disposal techniques.
Drainage pumps used in buildings are submersible sewage pumps, liquid sewage pumps, vertical sewage pumps and horizontal sewage pumps.
As the general site of the building is small, the displacement is not large, the drainage pump can give priority to the use of submersible sewage pump and liquid sewage pump, which liquid sewage pump is generally used in important places; vertical sewage pump and horizontal sewage pump requirements set Earthquake foundation, self-irrigation, and occupy a certain site, so use less in the building.
1.Use low noise water pump.
2.The pump unit should be set vibration device, the base should be installed under the rubber vibration pad, rubber vibration isolator, rubber shock absorber, spring shock absorber and so on. Refer to “Waterproof and installation of water pump and its installation Atlas” SS657.3, in the pump suction pipe and outlet pipe, should be set up vibration devices, such as flexible rubber joints.
4.Pipe stents and pipes through the wall, wear floor, should take anti-solid sound measures, such as the pump room with flexible hanger, elastic bracket or in the wall through the pipe and hole between the glass fiber.
5.If necessary, can be taken on the building sound insulation and sound absorption measures, such as the pump room with double glass doors and windows, walls, ceiling installation of porous sound-absorbing panels.
6.The basis of vibration isolation, pipe vibration isolation and vibration isolation vibration isolation area of the number of layers, the number and number of flexible joints must be calculated.
7.Fire dedicated pump.
Frequent use of submersible pump users will have encountered more or less tripping, then you will get the relationship between electricity, this must be caused by a short circuit, this is also a reason. In addition to a lot The reasons for the impact of submersible pump trip, you are not stable current or submersible pump switch bad contact and so on. But sometimes we found that these reasons are not.
There is also a problem with the cable of the submersible pump. Current transformer polarity is connected correctly. After troubleshooting the cause of the equipment failure and wiring errors, the differential protection operates during motor start, indicating that the differential current in the differential circuit exceeds the differential relay setting during this process. Above can be regarded as often cause submersible pump failure reasons, we can follow a certain order, overall troubleshooting first, then troubleshooting partial.
The upper part of the submersible motor shaft is equipped with a labyrinth sand control and two return-mounted skeletal seals to prevent flow sand from entering the motor. The submarine motor adopts water lubricated bearing, the lower part is equipped with rubber regulating film, regulating spring, regulating the pressure chamber, adjusting the pressure change caused by the temperature; the motor winding adopts polyethylene insulation, the nylon sleeve sets of water resistant magnetic wire, Cable connector technology, the connector insulation off scraping paint layer, were connected, welding firmly, with raw rubber around a layer. And then wrapped with waterproof adhesive tape 2-3 layer, the outer layer of 2-3 layers of waterproof tape or glue adhesive layer of rubber (bike tire) to prevent water seepage.
After the hub of the pump assembly coupling is assembled on the shaft, the vertical and coaxial degrees of the hub and the shaft should be carefully checked. Usually in the hub of the end and the outer circle set up two dial indicator, turning the wheel when the rotation, observe the hub of the whole beating (including the end of beating and radial run) values, determine the vertical axis and the axis of the axis and coaxial The situation of the situation. Different speed coupling of the requirements of the whole beating different values, different types of coupling on the requirements of the whole beating are also different, but the wheel assembly on the axis after the hub must be the total beating deviation of the value of Design requirements within the tolerance range, which is one of the main quality requirements of the coupling assembly.
Pump assembly caused by the hub of the total beating value does not meet the requirements of many reasons, the first may occur in the manufacturing process due to the error caused by processing for the field assembly, mainly due to correct the wheel hole surface treatment is not correct, so that the hub and axis concentric The degree of deviation. Another reason is that there is a key coupling in the assembly, due to improper assembly of the key caused by the hub and the shaft different axis. The correct installation of the key should be the key side of the key and the keyway wall tightly fit, usually in the assembly with color inspection, with a bad time can be used to repair the file or blade to meet the requirements. Key upper part of the general gap, about 0.1-0.2mm or so. High-speed rotating machinery for the hub and the axis of the coaxial degree of high demand, with a single bond can not get a high degree of coaxial, with double bond or spline connection can make the coaxial degree of both improved.
Volume loss of centrifugal pump including seal ring leakage loss, balancing mechanism leakage loss and interstage leakage loss. This article describes the seal ring leakage loss.
In the entrance of the impeller is a seal ring, when the pump works, because the sealing ring on both sides with pressure difference between the side of the approximately impeller outlet pressure side of the impeller inlet pressure, so there will always be a part of the liquid from the impeller to the outlet impeller inlet leak. This part of the liquid in the impeller in obtaining energy, but the liquid did not sent, thus reducing the water supply pump. All the energy used to overcome the leakage of fluid resistance of the seal ring.
Obviously, if the sealing ring diameter larger ,pressure on both sides is more special, the greater the amount of leakage. For stereotypes pump, in order to improve feed efficiency of the pump leakage amount should be permitted in the case of the sealing ring gap is narrowing. Usually approximated total clearance seal ring diameter of 0.002, as Dw = 200 mm, the total clearance of 0.40 mm, when assembled, the sealing ring can not be eccentric too large, otherwise the amount of leakage also increases. The main measures In addition, the sealing ring can be used to increase the resistance method of reducing the amount of leakage, increase the resistance of the seal ring is made of a maze, zigzag, etc., which also increases the length of the sealing ring seal, increasing the resistance along the way.
Ring seal leakage, and in some cases cause disturbance of the impeller inlet, so will the rational design of the sealing ring form.
First, the submersible pump in the pump suction pipe set on the vacuum pump, pump start before the start of the vacuum pump, so that the first water pump filled with water to ensure that the pump automatically and quickly start. This type of water absorption requires a sound automatic control system to ensure proper operation.
Second, relative to the following are also relatively simple: no clogging submersible pump to reduce the water pipe corners, drop height and horizontal interval.
Third, this way need to set up a suction pipe in the pump, the pump in the first run before the tank should be filled with water, the first run after the end of the water tank due to the height of the water pipe height , Although the water level in the pool below the tank surface height, the tank of water will not turn back.
The last way to install the suction end valve at the end of the suction pipe of the submersible pump. The suction valve is actually a check valve, which ensures that the water can only enter the suction pipe from the pool and can not be reversed, so if the suction pipe is filled with water, although the pump axis elevation is higher than the working water level of the pool. The role of the end of the valve, the water pipe will not flow into the pool, the suction pipe has been filled with water, to ensure that the pump can automatically and quickly start.