The emergence of pumps for human life and production are very important. There are various water lifting devices in ancient times, such as the Egyptian chain pump (before the 17th century), China’s orange (before the 17th century), the pulley (before the 11th century), waterwheel (AD 1 century), and the 3rd century BC Ancient Greece Archimedes invented the spiral rod and so on. About 200 BC, the ancient Greek craftsmen Cesius Beius invented the most primitive piston pump – fire pump. As early as 1588 there will be on the 4 blade vane pump records, after the emergence of a variety of other rotary pump. In 1689, the French D. Papan invented the 4-blade impeller centrifugal pump volute. In 1818, the United States appeared with radial straight blade, semi-open double suction impeller and volute centrifugal pump. 1840 ~ 1850, the United States H.R. Worthington invented the pump cylinder and the steam cylinder directly against the steam piston pump action, marking the formation of modern piston pump. 1851 ~ 1875, with guide vanes of the multi-stage centrifugal pump have been invented, so that the development of high-lift centrifugal pump possible. Subsequently, a variety of pumps have come out. With the application of advanced technologies, the efficiency of the pump has been gradually improved, and the range and application of the pump has been expanded.